Established in 1979 pursuant to the exchange of letters between the Arab Republic of Egypt (“Egypt”) and the Asian-African Legal Consultative Organization1 (“AALCO”),2 CRCICA is an independent non-profit international organisation with its headquarters in Cairo, Egypt. CRCICA provides alternative dispute resolution services. It adopted the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (“UNCITRAL”) Rules, with few amendments to suit institutional arbitration.3 Since its establishment, CRCICA offered solely arbitration services. However, in 1990, CRCICA introduced Mediation Rules. CRCICA is managed by a Director and is composed of two main bodies: the Board of Trustees and the Advisory Committee.
CRCICA was originally established in January 1979 for a three-year term.4 This term was renewed twice in 19835 and 19866 respectively. In 1989, Egypt and AALCO concluded a treaty granting CRCICA permanent status, confirming its status as an international organisation and reiterating its independence.7
CRCICA and its officers enjoy full independence while undertaking their missions. CRCICA’s Director, Deputy Director and Counsel enjoy the status of international civil servants.8 CRCICA itself enjoys all immunities provided to an international organisation, in particular immunity from jurisdiction9 and from execution.10
The Board of Trustees is composed of 10 to 30 members of eminent African and Asian personalities specialized in a spectrum of fields, in particular in international arbitration. The Board of Trustees has several functions, including the appointment of CRCICA’s Director, determining the general policy for achieving the objectives of CRCICA, and approving CRCICA’s standards regarding the selection of arbitrators.11 The Board of Trustees also supervises CRCICA’s activities and approves its financial statements.
The Director of CRCICA appoints the members of the Advisory Committee from among the members of the Board of Trustees, as well as other eminent African, Asian and other personalities specialized in the fields of international arbitration and trade. The Advisory Committee carries out several missions, amongst the most notable are deciding on removal and challenge of arbitrators, providing advice with respect to CRCICA’s decision to reject the appointment of arbitrators and with respect to depriving a party from its right to appoint.12
CRCICA, in the second quarter of 2021, handled a significant amount of arbitration proceedings in different industries, such as construction, real estate development, tourism & hospitality, oil & gas, pharmaceutical and corporate restructuring.13 Several bilateral investment treaties include the CRCICA as a potential place of arbitration for disputes between an investor and a contracting State.14 The Center has administered arbitration proceedings under bilateral investment treaties and contracts. Unfortunately, the outcome of a majority of these investment arbitrations remains confidential.15 The CRCICA was selected as the place of arbitration and the CRCICA Rules applied to the proceedings in two published cases.16
Raouf, M.A., New Rules of the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (CRCICA), International Journal of Arab Arbitration, 2011, pp. 7-15.
Hafez, K., National Report for Egypt (2013 through 2015), in Bosman, L. (ed.), ICCA International Handbook on Commercial Arbitration, 2019, pp. 1-44.
Mouawad, C. and Digón, R.I., Modern and Competitive: The New CRCICA Rules, International Journal of Arab Arbitration, 2011, pp. 17-24.
Raouf, M.A. and Hussein, D., Chapter 3: The Cairo Regional Arbitration Centre, in Onyema, E. (ed.), The Transformation of Arbitration in Africa: The Role of Arbitral Institutions, 2016, pp. 61-74.
Rashed, S., Arbitration within the Auspices of The Regional Centre of Cairo, Monsha’at Al-Ma‘aref, 1986 (in Arabic).
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