Author

Dr Fan Yang

Deputy Director - Cyberspace International Law Center (Xiamen University Law School)

Dissenting Opinions

I. Definition

1.

Arising from the practice in common law system1 and later in international tribunals,2 dissenting opinions are the individual opinions of the arbitrator attached to the award, expressing the disagreement with the majority.

III. Permission

3.

Article 48(4) of the ICSID Convention and Rule 47(3) of the ICSID Arbitration Rules expressly permit the right of the arbitrator to attach dissenting opinions to the award, while most other investment arbitration rules remain silent on this topic.5

IV. Distinction with other relevant concept

4.

Dissenting opinions should not be confused with the award, ratio decidendi, and concurring opinions.

V. Effect

5.

Dissenting opinions do not affect the reason or the result of the award, and do not apply the rule of stare decisis or precedents. However, some authors believe that they have some effect on an award expressing customary international law.6 They are invoked as a basis for annulment requests, see Dissenting Opinions as Basis for Annulment Requests.

VI. Controversy

6.

The practice of joining dissenting opinions in investment arbitration is criticized for potentially violating confidentiality requirements, deliberately criticizing the majority decision, and rendering by the arbitrator appointed by the party that lost the case.7

GENERAL LIST OF DISSENTING OPINIONS IN INVESTMENT ARBITRATION

I. Dissenting opinions at the jurisdictional and merits stages

  1. Itisaluna Iraq LLC, Munir Sukhtian International Investment LLC, VTEL Holdings Ltd., VTEL Middle East and Africa Limited v. Republic of Iraq, ICSID Case No. ARB/17/10, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Wolfgang Peter, 3 April 2020.
  2. Global Telecom Holding v. Canada, ICSID Case No. ARB/16/16, Award, Dissenting Opinion by Arbitrator Gary Born, 27 March 2020.
  3. Daniel W. Kappes and Kappes, Cassidy & Associates v. Republic of Guatemala, ICSID Case No. ARB/18/43, Decision on Respondent's Preliminary Objections, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Zachary Douglas QC, 13 March 2020.
  4. AES Solar and others (PV investors) v. Spain, PCA Case No. 2012-14, Final Award, Concurring and Dissenting Opinion of Charles N. Brower, 28 February 2020.
  5. Thomas Gosling and others v. Republic of Mauritius, ICSID Case No. ARB/16/32, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Alexandrov, 18 February 2020.
  6. Adamakopoulos and others v. Cyprus, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/49, Decision on Jurisdiction, Statement of Dissent of Professor Marcelo G. Kohen, 7 February 2020.
  7. Almasyria v. Kuwait, ICSID Case No. ARB/18/2, Award on the Respondent's Application Under Rule 41(5) of the ICSID Arbitration Rules, Dissenting Opinion by Pascal Dévaud, 1 November 2019
  8. Watkins Holdings SARL v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/44, Award, Dissenting Opinion on Liability and Quantum by Prof. Dr. Hélène Ruiz Fabri, 21 January 2020.
  9. Stadtwerke München GmbH and others v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/1, Award, Dissenting Opinion by Professor Kaj Hobér, 2 December 2019.
  10. BayWa r.e. Renewable Energy GmbH and BayWa r.e. Asset Holding GmbH v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/16, Decision on Jurisdiction, Liability and Directions on Quantum, Dissenting Opinion by Arbitrator Horacio A. Grigera Naón, 2 December 2019.
  11. Almasryia Operating & Maintaining Touristic Construction Co. L.L.C. v. State of Kuwait, ICSID Case No. ARB/18/2, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion by Pascal Dévaud, 1 November 2019.
  12. OperaFund Eco-Invest SICAV PLC and Schwab Holding AG v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/36, Award, Dissenting Opinion on Liability and Quantum by Arbitrator Philippe Sands, 6 September 2019.
  13. Michael Ballantine and Lisa Ballantine v. The Dominican Republic, PCA Case No. 2016-17, Final Award, Partial Dissent of Ms. Cheek on Jurisdiction, 3 September 2019.
  14. Michael Ballantine and Lisa Ballantine v. The Dominican Republic, PCA Case No. 2016-17, Final Award, Partial Dissent by Prof. Vinuesa on Costs, 3 September 2019.
  15. InfraRed Environmental Infrastructure GP Limited and others v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/12, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion by Pierre-Marie Dupuy, 2 August 2019.
  16. B-Mex, LLC Deana Anthone, Neil Ayervais, Douglas Black and others v. United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/16/3, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion Arbitrator Raul E. Vinuesa, 19 July 2019.
  17. United Utilities (Tallinn) B.V. and Aktsiaselts Tallinna Vesi v. Republic of Estonia, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/24, Award, Dissent of Sir David A.R. Williams KNZM Q.C., 21 June 2019.
  18. EVN AG v. Republic of Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/17, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Daniel M. Price, 10 April 2019.
  19. Cube Infrastructure Fund SICAV and others v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/20, Decision on Jurisdiction, Liability, and a Partial Decision on Quantum, Separate and Partial Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Christian Tomuschat, 19 February 2019.
  20. Anglo American PLC v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/14/1, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Dr. Guido Santiago Tawil, 18 January 2019.
  21. Greentech Energy Systems A/S, NovEnergia II Energy & Environment (SCA) SICAR, and NovEnergia II Italian Portfolio SA v. The Italian Republic, SCC Case No. V 2015/095, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Giorgio Sacerdoti, 23 December 2018.
  22. RREEF Infrastructure (G.P.) Limited and RREEF Pan-European Infrastructure Two Lux S.à r.l. v. Kingdom of Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/30, Decision on Responsibility and on the Principles of Quantum, Dissenting Opinion of Robert Volterra, 6 June 2018.
  23. Foresight Luxembourg Solar 1 S.À.R.L., et al. v. Kingdom of Spain, SCC Case No. 2015/150, Final Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Raul E. Vinuesa, 14 November 2018.
  24. Mağdenli Yer Hizmetleri ve Taşıma Anonim Şirketi v. Kazakhstan, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Sebnem Akipek Ocal, 8 November 2018.
  25. Cornelis Willem van Noordenne, Mr. Bartus van Noordenne, Stichting Administratiekantoor Anbadi, Estudios Tributarios AP S.A. and Álvarez y Marín Corporación S.A. v. Republic of Panama, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/14, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Horacio A. Grigera Naon, 12 October 2018.
  26. Unión Fenosa Gas, S.A. v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/4, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Mark Clodfelter, 31 August 2018.
  27. South American Silver Limited (Bermuda) v. The Plurinational State of Bolivia, PCA Case No. 2013-15, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Osvaldo Cesar Guglielmino, 30 August 2018.
  28. Casinos Austria International GmbH and Casinos Austria Aktiengesellschaft v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/32, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion on Respondent’s Second Preliminary Objection and Declaration of Dissent concerning its First and Third Preliminary Objections of Arbitrator Santiago Torres Bernardez, 29 June 2018.
  29. Antaris Solar GmbH and Dr. Michael Göde v. The Czech Republic, PCA Case No. 2014-01, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Gary Born, 2 May 2018.
  30. Huntington Ingalls Inc. v. Ministry of Defense of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Final Award, Note of Dissent of Horacio A. Grigera Naon, 19 February 2018.
  31. UAB E energija (Lithuania) v. Republic of Latvia, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/33, Award, Dissenting Opinion on Costs of August Reinisch, 22 December 2017.
  32. Bear Creek Mining Corporation v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/14/21, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Philippe Sands QC, 30 November 2017.
  33. Koch Minerals Sàrl and Koch Nitrogen International Sàrl v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/19, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Zachary Douglas, 30 October 2017.
  34. Jürgen Wirtgen, Mr. Stefan Wirtgen, and JSW Solar (zwei) GmbH & Co.KG v. Czech Republic, PCA Case No. 2014-03, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Gary Born, 11 October 2017.
  35. Caratube International Oil Company LLP and Devincci Salah Hourani v. Republic of Kazakhstan (II), ICSID Case No. ARB/13/13, Award, Concurring and Dissenting Opinion of Jacques Salès, 27 September 2017.
  36. EuroGas Inc. and Belmont Resources Inc. v. Slovak Republic, ICSID Case No.  ARB/14/14, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Emmanuel Gaillard, 18 August 2017.
  37. Société Resort Company Invest Abidjan, Stanislas Citerici and Gérard Bot v. Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, ICSID Case No. ARB/16/11, Decision on the Respondent’s Preliminary Objection to Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Kaj Hober, 1 August 2017.
  38. Teinver S.A., Transportes de Cercanías S.A. and Autobuses Urbanos del Sur S.A. v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/09/1, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Kamal Hossain, 21 July 2017.
  39. Marco Gavazzi and Stefano Gavazzi v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/25, Decision on Rectification, Dissenting Opinion by Arbitrator Mauro Rubino, 13 July 2017.
  40. Capital Financial Holdings Luxembourg S.A. v. Republic of Cameroon, ICSID Case No. ARB/15/18, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Alexis Mourre, 22 June 2017.
  41. Marco Gavazzi and Stefano Gavazzi v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/25, Award, Dissenting Opinion with Regard to Quantum by Mauro Rubino-Sammartano, 18 April 2017.
  42. Cervin Investissements S.A. and Rhone Investissements S.A. v. Republic of Costa Rica, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/2, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Ricardo Ramirez Hernandez, 7 March 2017.
  43. Process and Industrial Developments Ltd. v. The Ministry of Petroleum Resources of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Bajo Ojo, SAN, 21 January 2017.
  44. Supervision y Control S.A. v. Republic of Costa Rica, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/4, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Joseph P. Kloch, 18 January 2017.
  45. Getma International and others v. Republic of Guinea (II), ICSID Case No. ARB/11/29, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Bernardo M. Cremades, 16 August 2016.
  46. Venezuela US, S.R.L. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, PCA Case No. 2013-34, Interim Award on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of Marcelo G. Kohen, 26 July 2016.
  47. CC/Devas (Mauritius) Ltd., Devas Employees Mauritius Private Limited, and Telcom Devas Mauritius Limited v. Republic of India, PCA Case No. 2013-09, Award on Jurisdiction and Merits, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator David R. Haigh, 25 July 2016.
  48. Isolux Infrastructure Netherlands B.V. v. Kingdom of Spain, SCC Case No. V2013/153, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Guido S. Tawil, 12 July 2016.
  49. Swissbourgh Diamond Mines (Pty) Limited, Josias Van Zyl, The Josias Van Zyl Family Trust and others v. The Kingdom of Lesotho, PCA Case No. 2013-29, Partial Award on Jurisdiction and the Merits, Dissenting Opinion by P. M. Nienaber, 18 April 2016.
  50. Teinver S.A., Transportes de Cercanías S.A. and Autobuses Urbanos del Sur S.A. v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/09/1, Decision on Provisional Measures, Dissenting Opinion of Dr. Kamal Hossain, 8 April 2016.
  51. İçkale İnşaat Limited Şirketi v. Turkmenistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/24, Award, Partially Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Philippe Sands, 8 March 2016.
  52. İçkale İnşaat Limited Şirketi v. Turkmenistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/24, Award, Partially Dissenting Opinion of Carolyn B. Lamm, 8 March 2016.
  53. Mobil Exploration and Development Inc. Suc. Argentina and Mobil Argentina S.A. v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/16, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Antonio Remiro Brotons, 25 February 2016.
  54. ConocoPhillips Petrozuata B.V., ConocoPhillips Hamaca B.V. and ConocoPhillips Gulf of Paria B.V. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/30, Decision on Respondent’s Request for Reconsideration, Dissenting Opinion of Andreas Bucher, 9 February 2016.
  55. Charanne B.V. and Construction Investments S.A.R.L. v. Spain, SCC Case No. 062/2012, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Guido Santiago Tawil, 21 January 2016.
  56. Oxus Gold plc v. Republic of Uzbekistan, the State Committee of Uzbekistan for Geology & Mineral Resources, and Navoi Mining & Metallurgical Kombinat, Final Award, Partially Dissenting Opinion of Marc Lalonde, 17 December 2015.
  57. Grupo Francisco Hernando Contreras v. Republic of Equatorial Guinea, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/12/2, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Professor Francisco Orrego Vicuna, 4 December 2015.
  58. Vincent J. Ryan, Schooner Capital LLC, and Atlantic Investment Partners LLC v. Republic of Poland, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/11/3, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Professor Francisco Orrego Vicuna, 24 November 2015.
  59. Quiborax S.A., Non-Metallic Minerals S.A. v. Plurinational State of Bolivia, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/2, Award, Partially Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Brigitte Stern, 16 September 2015.
  60. Marco Gavazzi and Stefano Gavazzi v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/25, Decision on Jurisdiction, Admissibility and Liability, Dissenting Opinion by arbitrator Mauro Rubino-Sammartano, 21 April 2015.
  61. Detroit International Bridge Company v. Government of Canada, PCA Case No. 2012-25, Award on Jurisdiction, Separate Dissenting Jurisdictional Statement of Michael Chertoff, 2 April 2015.
  62. Mamidoil Jetoil Greek Petroleum Products Societe Anonyme S.A. v. Republic of Albania, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/24, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Steven A. Hammond, 30 March 2015.
  63. William Ralph Clayton, William Douglas Clayton, Daniel Clayton and Bilcon of Delaware, Inc. v. Government of Canada, PCA Case No. 2009-04, Award on Jurisdiction and Liability, Dissenting Opinion by Professor Donald McRae, 17 March 2015.
  64. Cervin Investissements S.A. and Rhone Investissements S.A. v. Republic of Costa Rica, ICSID Case No. ARB/13/2, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of Ricardo Ramirez Hernandez, 15 December 2014.
  65. Serafín García Armas and Karina García Gruber v. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, PCA Case No. 2013-03, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of the arbitrator R. Oreamuno Blanco on one of the aspect of the basis for the decision, 15 December 2014.
  66. Flughafen Zürich A.G. and Gestión e Ingenería IDC S.A. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/19, Award, Partial Dissent of Prof. Raul Emilio Vinuesa, 18 November 2014.
  67. Turkcell İletişim Hizmetleri A.Ş. v. The Islamic Republic of Iran, Award, Dissent of Charles N. Brower on particular issues, 18 October 2014.
  68. RSM Production Corporation v. Saint Lucia ICSID Case No. ARB/12/10, Decision on Saint Lucia’s Request for Security for Costs, Dissenting Opinion of Edward Nottingham, 13 August 2014.
  69. ConocoPhillips Petrozuata B.V., ConocoPhillips Hamaca B.V. and ConocoPhillips Gulf of Paria B.V. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/30, Decision on Respondent’s Request for Reconsideration, Dissenting Opinion of Georges Abi-Saab, 10 March 2014.
  70. Renée Rose Levy de Levi v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/17, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Joaquin Morales Godoy, 26 February 2014.
  71. Guaracachi America, Inc. and Rurelec PLC v. The Plurinational State of Bolivia, PCA Case No. 2011-17, Award, Dissenting Opinion of co-arbitrator Manuel Conthe, 31 January 2014.
  72. Energoalians LLC v. Republic of Moldova, Award, Dissenting Opinion on Jurisdiction of Dominic Pellew, 23 October 2013.
  73. ConocoPhillips Petrozuata B.V., ConocoPhillips Hamaca B.V. and ConocoPhillips Gulf of Paria B.V. v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/30, Decision on Jurisdiction and Merits, Dissenting Opinion of Georges Abi-Saab, 3 September 2013.
  74. Garanti Koza LLP v. Turkmenistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/20, Decision on the Objection to Jurisdiction for Lack of Consent, Dissenting Opinion by Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, 3 July 2013.
  75. OPIC Karimum Corporation v. The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/14, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Professor Dr. Guido Santiago Tawil, 28 May 2013.
  76. Ambiente Ufficio S.p.A. and others (formerly Giordano Alpi and others) v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/08/9, Decision on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, Dissenting Opinion of Santiago Torres Bernardez, 8 February 2013.
  77. Burlington Resources, Inc. v. Republic of Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/08/5, Decision on Liability, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Orrego Vicuna, 14 December 2012.
  78. Reliance Industries Limited and BG Exploration and Production India Limited v. India, Final Partial Award on Issues B, C, and D of the May 2012 Issues, Dissenting Opinion of Justice BP Jeevan Reddy, 10 December 2012.
  79. Deutsche Bank AG v. Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, ICSID Case No. ARB/09/2, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Makhdoom Ali Khan, 31 October 2012.
  80. Occidental Petroleum Corporation and Occidental Exploration and Production Company v. Republic of Ecuador (II), ICSID Case No. ARB/06/11, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Brigitte Stern, 5 October 2012.
  81. Daimler Financial Services AG v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/1, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Judge Charles N. Brower, 22 August 2012.
  82. Alapli Elektrik B.V. v. Republic of Turkey, ICSID Case No. ARB/08/13, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Marc Lalonde, 16 July 2012.
  83. InterTrade Holding GmbH v. The Czech Republic, PCA Case No. 2009-12, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Henri Alvarez, 29 May 2012.
  84. Mobil Investments Canada Inc. and Murphy Oil Corporation v. Government of Canada (I), ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/07/4, Decision on Liability and Principles of Quantum, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Philippe Sands QC, 22 May 2012.
  85. HOCHTIEF Aktiengesellschaft v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/31, Decision on Jurisdiction, Separate and Dissenting Opinion of J. Christopher Thomas QC, 24 October 2011.
  86. Abaclat and others (formerly Giovanna A. Beccara and others) v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/5, Decision on Jurisdiction and Admissibility, Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Georges Abi-Saab, 4 August 2011.
  87. HICEE B.V. v. The Slovak Republic, PCA Case No. 2009-11, Partial Award, Dissenting Opinion of Judge Charles N. Brower, 23 May 2011.
  88. Joseph Charles Lemire v. Ukraine (II), ICSID Case No. ARB/06/18, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Dr. Jurgen Voss, 28 March 2011.
  89. ABCI Investments Limited v. Republic of Tunisia, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/12, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Brigitte Stern, 18 February 2011.
  90. Total S.A. v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/1, Decision on Liability, Dissenting Opinion of Henri Alvarez, 27 December 2010.
  91. Murphy Exploration and Production Company International v. Republic of Ecuador (I), ICSID Case No. ARB/08/4, Award on Jurisdiction, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Horacio A. Grigera Naon, 15 December 2010.
  92. Nations Energy, Inc. and others v. Republic of Panama, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/19, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Hosé Maria Chillon Medina, 24 November 2010.
  93. Itera International Energy LLC and Itera Group NV v. Georgia (I), ICSID Case No. ARB/08/7, Decision on the Admissibility of Ancillary Claims, Dissenting Opinion of Professor Francisco Orrego Vicuna, 4 December 2009.
  94. EDF (Services) Limited v. Republic of Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/13, Award, Dissent regarding costs of Mr. Arthur W. Rovine, 8 October 2009.
  95. Waguih Elie George Siag and Clorinda Vecchi v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/15, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Professor Francisco Orrego Vicuna, 1 June 2009.
  96. TSA Spectrum de Argentina S.A. v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/5, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Grant D. Aldonas, 19 December 2008.
  97. Duke Energy International Peru Investments No. 1 Ltd. v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/28, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Dr. Pedro Nikken, 18 August 2008.
  98. Duke Energy International Peru Investments No. 1 Ltd. v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/28, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Dr. Guido Santiago Tawil, 18 August 2008.
  99. African Holding Company of America, Inc. and Société Africaine de Construction au Congo S.A.R.L. v. Democratic Republic of the Congo, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/21, Award on the Objections to Jurisdiction and Admissibility, Dissenting Opinion of M. Otto L.O. de Witt Wijnen, 29 July 2008.
  100. Sempra Energy International v. Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/16, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Marc Lalonde, 28 September 2007.
  101. Industria Nacional de Alimentos, S.A. and Indalsa Perú, S.A. (formerly Empresas Lucchetti, S.A. and Lucchetti Perú, S.A.) v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/4, Decision on Annulment, Dissenting Opinion of Sir Franklin Berman, 5 September 2007.
  102. Sociedad Anónima Eduardo Vieira v. Republic of Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/7, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mrs. Susana Czar de Zalduendo, 21 August 2007.
  103. Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide v. Republic of the Philippines (I), ICSID Case No. ARB/03/25, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Bernardo M. Cremades, 16 August 2007.
  104. Tokios Tokelés v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/18, Award, Dissenting Opinion by Mr. Daniel Price, 26 July 2007.
  105. Eastern Sugar B.V. v. The Czech Republic, SCC Case No. 088/2004, Final Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Robert Volterra, 12 April 2007.
  106. Waguih Elie George Siag and Clorinda Vecchi v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/15, Decision on Jurisdiction, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Prof. Francisco Orrego Vicuna, 11 April 2007.
  107. The Eurotunnel Arbitration, PCA Case No. 2003-06, Partial Award, Dissenting Opinion of Lord Millett, 30 January 2007.
  108. Siemens A.G. v. The Argentine Republic, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/8, Award, Separate Opinion by Professor Domingo Bello Janeiro, 17 January 2007.
  109. Mytilineos Holdings SA v. The State Union of Serbia & Montenegro and Republic of Serbia (I), Partial Award on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion by Dobrosav Mitrovic, 8 September 2006.
  110. EnCana Corporation v. Republic of Ecuador, LCIA Case No. UN3481, Award, Partial Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Horacio A. Grigera Naón, 3 February 2006.
  111. Eureko B.V. v. Republic of Poland, Partial Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Jerzy Rajski, 19 August 2005.
  112. Tokios Tokelés v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/18, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion by Mr. Prosper Weil, 29 April 2004.
  113. Patrick Mitchell v. Democratic Republic of the Congo, ICSID Case No. ARB/99/7, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion by Yawovi Agboyibo, 9 February 2004.
  114. IBM World Trade Corp. v. Republic of Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/10, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Vote of Mr. León Roldós Aguilera, 22 December 2003.
  115. D. Myers, Inc. v. Government of Canada, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Professor Bryan P. Schwartz concerning the apportionment of costs between the Disputing Parties, 30 December 2002.
  116. Marvin Roy Feldman Karpa v. United Mexican States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/99/1, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mr. Jorge Covarrubias Bravo, 16 December 2002.
  117. CME Czech Republic B.V. v. The Czech Republic, Partial Award, Dissenting opinion of Jaroslav Hándl, 13 September 2001.
  118. Bridas S.A.P.I.C., et al, v. Government of Turkmenistan and Turkmenneft,, ICC Case No. 9058/FMS/KGA, Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Hans Smit, 26 January 2001.
  119. Bridas S.A.P.I.C., et al, v. Government of Turkmenistan and Turkmenneft,, ICC Case No. 9058/FMS/KGA, Third Partial Award, Dissenting Opinion of Hans Smit, 2 September 2000.
  120. Waste Management, Inc. v. United Mexican States (I), ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/98/2, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Keith Highet, 2 June 2000.
  121. Saar Papier Vertriebs GmbH v. Republic of Poland (II), Interim Award, Dissenting opinion of Tadeusz Szurski, 24 January 2000.
  122. Bridas S.A.P.I.C.,  et al, v. Government of Turkmenistan and Turkmenneft,, ICC Case No. 9058/FMS/KGA, Second Partial Award, Dissent of Hans Smit, 21 October 1999.
  123. Bridas S.A.P.I.C.,  et al, v. Government of Turkmenistan and Turkmenneft,, ICC Case No. 9058/FMS/KGA, Partial Award, Dissenting Opinion of Hans Smit, 25 June 1999.
  124. Franz Sedelmayer v. The Russian Federation, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Arbitrator Prof. Ivan S. Zykin, 7 July 1998.
  125. Saar Papier Vertriebs GmbH v. Republic of Poland (I), Final Award, Dissenting Opinion of Dr. habil. Tadeusz Szurski, 16 October 1995.
  126. Saar Papier Vertriebs GmbH v. Republic of Poland (I), Interim Award on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of Dr. habil. Tadeusz Szurski, 17 August 1994.
  127. Southern Pacific Properties (Middle East) Limited v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Mohamed El Mahdi, 20 May 1992.
  128. Asian Agricultural Products Ltd. (AAPL) v. Republic of Sri Lanka, ICSID Case No. ARB/87/3, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Samuel K.B. Asante, 27 June 1990.
  129. Southern Pacific Properties (Middle East) Limited v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3, Decision on Jurisdiction, Dissenting Opinion of Mohamed El Mahdi, 14 April 1988.
  130. Société Ouest Africaine des Bétons Industriels v. Senegal, ICSID Case No. ARB/82/1, Award, Dissenting Opinion of Kéba Mbaye, 25 February 1988.
  131. Klöckner Industrie-Anlagen GmbH and others v. United Republic of Cameroon and Société Camerounaise des Engrais, ICSID Case No. ARB/81/2, Resubmission Award, Resubmission Dissenting Opinion of Jorge Castaneda, 26 January 1988.
  132. Klöckner Industrie-Anlagen GmbH and others v. United Republic of Cameroon and Société Camerounaise des Engrais, ICSID Case No. ARB/81/2, Award, Dissenting opinion, 21 October 1983.

II. Dissenting opinions in rectification, annulment and enforcement proceedings

a) Rectification of Award

  1. Railroad Development Corporation (RDC) v. Republic of Guatemala, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/23, Decision on Claimant’s Request for Supplementation and Rectification of Award, Dissent in respect of the Second Rectification Request of Arbitrator Stuart E. Eizenstat, 18 January 2013.

b) Annulment proceedings

  1. Iberdrola Energía, S.A. v. Republic of Guatemala, ICSID Case No. ARB/09/5, Decision on annulment, Dissenting Opinion of José Luis Shaw, 13 January 2015.
  2. Malaysian Historical Salvors, SDN, BHD v. Malaysia, ICSID Case No. ARB/05/10, Decision on the Application for Annulment, Dissenting Opinion of Judge Mohamed Shahabuddeen, 16 April 2009.
  3. Industria Nacional de Alimentos, S.A. and Indalsa Perú, S.A. (formerly Empresas Lucchetti, S.A. and Lucchetti Perú, S.A.) v. Republic of Peru, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/4, Decision on Annulment, Dissening Opinion of Sir Franklin Berman, 5 September 2007.
  4. Hussein Nauman Soufraki v. United Arab Emirates, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/7, Decision of the Ad Hoc Committee on the Application for Annulment of Mr. Soufraki, A Separate Opinion and a Statement of Dissent by Omar Nabulsi, member of the ad hoc committee, 5 June 2007.

c) National Courts proceedings

  1. Ascom Group S.A., Anatolie Stati, Gabriel Stati and Terra Raf Trans Traiding Ltd. v. Republic of Kazakhstan, SCC Case No. 116/2010, Judgment of the Svea Court of Appeal, Dissenting Opinion by Magnus Ulriksson, 9 December 2018.
  2. Diag Human S.E. v. The Czech Republic, Case No. RSP 06/2003, Opinion of the US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, Dissenting Opinion of Sentelle, Senior Circuit Judge, 31 May 2016.
  3. Quasar de Valores SICAV S.A., Orgor de Valores SICAV S.A., GBI 9000 SICAV S.A. and ALOS 34 S.L. v. The Russian Federation, SCC Case No. 24/2007, Judgment of the Svea Court of Appeal, Judgment of the Svea Court of Appeal, Dissenting grounds, 18 January 2016.
  4. I.M. Badprim S.R.L. v. the Russian Federation, SCC Case No. V172/2010, Judgment of the Svea Court of Appeal, Dissenting Opinion, 23 January 2015.
  5. BG Group Plc v. The Republic of Argentina, Judgment of the Supreme Court of the United States, Dissenting Opinion of Chief Justice Roberts and Justice Kennedy, 5 March 2014.
  6. Chevron Corporation and Texaco Petroleum Company v. The Republic of Ecuador (II), PCA Case No. 2009-23, Supreme Court of Argentina Decision on the Enforcement of the Ecuadorian Judgment, Dissenting Opinion of Don Carlos S. Fayt, 4 June 2013.
  7. TECO Guatemala Holdings, LLC v. Republic of Guatemala, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/23, Decision of the Constitutional Court, Dissenting Opinion of Mario Perez Guerra, 18 November 2009.
  8. TECO Guatemala Holdings, LLC v. Republic of Guatemala, ICSID Case No. ARB/10/23, Decision of the Constitutional Court, Dissenting Opinion of Gladys Chacon Corado, 18 November 2009.
  9. Norsk Hydro v. State Property Fund of Ukraine & Others, Judgement of the Svea Court of Appeal, Dissenting Opinion of Roland Halvorsen, 17 December 2007.
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