The Armesto Schedule (or “Schedule”) is a tool devised by Juan Fernández-Armesto to help parties and arbitrators to increase efficiency in the production of documents. Inspired by the classic Redfern Schedule,2 the Armesto Schedule is a user-friendly collaborative table proposed by the tribunal and agreed by the parties at the outset of the proceedings, in which the party describes the requested document, the requested party agrees or objects to this request and the tribunal decides on its admissibility.
The Schedule integrates the standards of the IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration (the “IBA Rules of Evidence”) under three requirements (R1 to R3) and six objections (O1 to O6). Format-wise, the Schedule is a vertical table with three columns and several rows. The pink areas are for the requesting party to complete, while the blue ones correspond to the requested party. The white areas are left to the arbitral tribunal. Each page of the Armesto Schedule corresponds to a single document request.3
III. Armesto Schedule in practice
The Schedule systematizes the IBA Rules of Evidence requirements and objections in a format that is visually easy to follow. This compels the parties to ensure that their requests meet all necessary requirements and allows the counterparty to easily reply the requests (either by agreeing or by raising objections). Additionally, it allows the tribunal to visualize the position of the parties on each of the specific requirements or objections, leading to a more straight-forward solution.
B. Definition of criteria
The Schedule clearly define, from the outset, the criteria which will be used by the tribunal when making its decision. The rules governing the Armesto Schedule are contained in a specific Procedural Order Model (the “PO”) which is previously agreed by the parties.4 The PO defines and sets forth the tribunal’s understanding for each requirement and objection.
C. Limitation of document production
The Schedule also limits the production of documents:5
V. New features
The Schedule contains two unique features to dissuade parties from making unfounded document requests and launching fishing expeditions:6
Blackaby, N., Partasides, C., Redfern, A. and Hunter, M., Redfern and Hunter on International Arbitration, Ch. 1 An Overview of International Arbitration, Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, 2015.
Marghitola, R., Document Production in International Arbitration, International Arbitration Law Library, 2015.
Riofrio Piché, M. and Sampaio Jalles de, S., The Armesto Schedule: a Step Further to a More Efficient Document Production, Kluwer Law Arbitration Blog, April 4, 2020.
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