I. Due process in international law
II. Due process in the FET standard
III. Denial of fairness in the administration of justice
IV. Denial of fairness in governmental procedures
Fairness in governmental procedures requires host States to act transparently,20 and free from coercion,21 inconsistency,22 and even handedness23 (see also Legitimate Expectations in FET).24
Adede, A.O., A Fresh Look at the Meaning of the Doctrine of Denial of Justice Under International Law, Canadian Yearbook of International Law/Annuaire Canadien de Droit International,1977, pp. 73-95.
Freeman, A.V., The International Responsibility of States for Denial of Justice, 1938.
Laird, I.A., Betrayal, Shock and Outrage-Recent Developments in NAFTA Article 1105, Asper Review of International Business and Trade Law, 2003, p. 185.
Paparinskis, M., The International Minimum Standard and Fair and Equitable Treatment, 2013.
Paulsson, J., Denial of Justice in International Law, 2005.
Tudor, I., The Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard in the International Law of Foreign Investment, 2008.
Schill. S., Fair and Equitable Treatment, the Rule of Law, and Comparative Public Law, in Schill, S. (ed.), International Investment Law and Comparative Public Law, 2010.
Schreuer, C., and Dolzer, R., Principles of International Investment Law, 2008.
Weiler, T., Good Faith and Regulatory Transparency: The Story of Metalclad v. Mexico, in Weiler, T. (ed.), International Investment Law and Arbitration: Leading Cases from the ICSID, NAFTA, Bilateral Treaties and Customary International Law, 2005.
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