II. Arbitrator's power to stay proceedings
International Company for Railway Systems (ICRS) v. Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, ICSID Case No. ARB/09/13, Procedural Order No. 2 Concerning the Respondent’s Request to Stay the Proceedings, 9 July 2010, para. 16; Southern Pacific Properties (Middle East) Limited v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3, Decision on Preliminary Objections to Jurisdiction, 27 November 1985, para. 87; SGS Société Générale de Surveillance S.A. v. Republic of the Philippines, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/6, Decision of the Tribunal on Objections to Jurisdiction, 29 January 2004, para. 173; William Ralph Clayton, William Douglas Clayton, Daniel Clayton and Bilcon of Delaware, Inc. v. Government of Canada, PCA Case No. 2009-04, Procedural Order No. 19, 10 August 2015, para. 16; Aaron C.Berkowitz, Brett E. Berkowitz and Trevor B. Berkowitz v. Republic of Costa Rica, ICSID Case No. UNCT/13/2, Procedural Order on Stay Application, 28 February 2017, paras. 36, 45, 47; S.D. Myers, Inc. v. Government of Canada, Procedural Order No. 18, 26 February 2001, para. 7; Bayindir Insaat Turizm Ticaret Ve Sanayi A.S. v. Islamic Republic of Pakistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/29, Decision on Jurisdiction, 14 November 2005, para. 271; The Burmilla Trust, The Josias Van Zyl Family Trust and Josias Van Zyl v. The Kingdom of Lesotho, PCA Case No. 2016-21, Procedural Order No. 1, 3 November 2016, para. 20.
III. Relation to forum non conveniens
SGS Société Générale de Surveillance S.A. v. Republic of the Philippines, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/6, Decision of the Tribunal on Objections to Jurisdiction, 29 January 2004, para. 173; Southern Pacific Properties (Middle East) Limited v. Arab Republic of Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3, Decision on Preliminary Objections to Jurisdiction, 27 November 1985, para. 88.
IV. Relation with court proceedings
It is more common for courts to stay proceedings in favour of arbitration, rather than vice versa.6 Both the New York Convention7 and the UNCITRAL Model Law8 provide that if the matter before the court is covered by a valid arbitration agreement, the court should refer the matter to arbitration, and stay the proceedings when requested by one of the parties. Depending on the State’s arbitration laws, courts may be obliged to stay the proceedings until an arbitration begins or the arbitral award is rendered.9
Gaillard, E., The Enforcement of Awards Set Aside In The Country Of Origin,14 ICSID Review 16 (1999), para. 29; Kreindler, R., Arbitral Forum Shopping, in Cremades, B. M. and D. M. Lew, J. (eds), Parallel State and Arbitral Procedures in International Arbitration, Dossiers – ICC Institute of World Business Law (2005), p. 158.
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